Transactions of financial character are recorded right after they appear in the books of accounts i.e. either in Journal or in subsidiary books for example cash book, sales book, purchase book, and so on.
It suggests all the transactions are categorized into various groups which include personal, real and nominal and so on. To put it differently it signifies the classification of the information registered in the journal or in any subsidiary books into appropriate accounts in the ledger.
It usually means summarizing the results and consequences of the business transactions.
As an example; a Trial Balance is prepared after getting the balances from various ledgers.
Trading along with profit and loss account is prepared to be aware of the profit or loss of the business for a specified time period and also to find out the financial situation of the business over a particular time.
It is a complex approach which in turn measures the financial progress of the company. The primary objective of financial analysis is to identify the strengths and weakness of business through making comparison of different components.
Analysis is generally ineffective without the need of interpretation and interpretation gets complicated without analysis.
Interpretations as well as analysis are complementary to one another. Interpretation requires analysis, where analysis is unproductive without interpretations.
It is a broader term includes criticism, assessment of facts, analysis, comparison and others.