Each Nobel prize consists of a medal, a personal diploma, and a cash award.
Here’s The List of Nobel Laureates and Their FieldsThe Nobel Prize is a global award directed by the Nobel Foundation in Stockholm, Sweden, and based on the fortune of Alfred Nobel, Swedish inventor and entrepreneur.
In 1968, Sveriges Riksbank established The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel, founder of the Nobel Prize.
Each prize consists of a medal, a personal diploma, and a cash award.
Here’s the list of all Nobel Laureates:
|Year||Physics||Chemistry||Physiology or Medicine||Peace||Economics|
Frances H. Arnold;
George P. Smith;
|James P. Allison;
What Was Inspired Alfed Nobel To Establish Nobel Prizes?
In 1888, a French newspaper confused the demise of Alfred Nobel’s brother with Alfred’s and published, “The merchant of death is dead”.
The premature obituary was in reference to the invention of dynamite and explosives by Alfred Nobel. The episode is said to be one of the key inspirations for the Swedish chemist to leave his wealth for establishing the Nobel Prizes.
Nobel held 355 different patents, dynamite being the most notable. His name also survives in modern-day establishments such as Dynamit Nobel and AkzoNobel, which are descendants of mergers with companies Nobel himself established.
Alfred Nobel established the five Nobel prizes in 1895. The prizes in Chemistry, Literature, Peace, Physics, and Physiology or Medicine were first awarded in 1901.