The primary purpose of the approach for job designing or job redesigning is to simplify the tasks as well as responsibilities of a particular job based on the skillset and interests.
Collective Approaches to Job Design
The overall purpose of the approach for job designing or job redesigning is to simplify the tasks as well as responsibilities of a particular job based on the skillset and interests.
However, there are several collective approaches which are prevalently being considered and used by organisations.
Job Enlargement and Job Enrichment
It fundamentally endeavours to ease some of the difficulties come across in unnecessary job simplification.
Job enlargement encompasses widening the scope of a job by increasing the number of different tasks to be accomplished.
Job enrichment involves increasing the depth of a job by adding responsibility for planning, organizing, controlling, or assessing the job.
Some illustrations of job enrichment are:
- Allocating the employee a complete job instead of simply a part of the job or task
- Permitting the employee more suppleness to carry out the job as required
- Expanding the employee’s answerability for work through minimising external control
- Increasing tasks or duties for employees in areas they are good at.
- Giving the employee a responsibility in dealing with feedback or review reports rather than merely to management
It involves the process of a technique that can break the wearisomeness because it basically focuses on shifting an employee from one job to another.
The job rotation approach helps in developing an employee’s competences for undertaking a number of diverse jobs.
For example, there are some organisations which have been highly successful at using job rotation for employees with disabilities in different work obligation times. Even employees without disabilities can be flexible to handle those jobs.
It is nothing but sharing a job, in which two employees perform the work of one full-time job.
For example, a retail company permits two cashiers to fill one job, and each individual works every other week. These kinds of schedules are advantageous for employees who may want to work part-time.
In overall, the job design gives people choices that provide more job satisfaction.