You Should Remember
Low-level needs such as physiological necessities and safety must be fulfilled before higher-level requirements such as self-actualization.
Abraham H. Maslow’s “ Hierarchy of needs theory ” is undoubtedly the utmost extensively made known model as far as motivational theories are concerned.
According to Maslow, simply unsatisfied needs are major bases of motivation.
If motivation is determined by the actuality of unsatisfied needs, at that point it is meaningful for a manager to recognize which necessities are the extra essential for specific teams or individual employees.
Based on Maslow’s “ Hierarchy of needs theory ”, low-level needs such as physiological necessities and safety must be fulfilled before higher-level requirements such as self-actualization.
Maslow recommended FIVE needs systems; basic or survival (physiological), safety or security; a sense of belonging; ego-status; and finally self-actualization or self-fulfilment.
The needs that are frequently engaged as the preliminary theme for motivation theory are the physiological drives.
Physiological needs such as water, oxygen, food, and sleep are compulsory to sustain existence.
Safety and security
When basic physiological needs are met, the attention should be turned to safety and security. These needs are comprised of providing:
- A safe working environment
- A proper medical insurance
- Job assurance or security
- Financial security
When the lower level physiological and safety and security needs are met, higher level necessities turn out to be imperative. In this regard, social needs are considered to be substantial. Social needs are those associated to communication with other individuals and may contain the need for belonging to:
- Acceptance by others
When the requirement of a sense of “belonging” is met, the need of essentiality associated to “esteem” arises.
Esteem needs perhaps categorized as internal or external.
Internal esteem needs are those connected to self-esteem such as self-respect and accomplishment.
External esteem needs are those connected to social status and recognition. More or less esteem needs are:
- Recognition from others
Self-actualisation basically represents growth of an individual toward fulfilment of the highest needs; those for meaning in life, in particular. It is the mission of attaining one’s complete potential as an individual.
Unlike lower level requirements, this need is never abundantly gratified; as employee nurtures internally there are at all times innovative opportunities to carry on to raise.
Self-actualised individuals incline towards desires such as:
- Problem-centred approach
- Deep appreciation and integrity
- Moral and ethical standards
Self-actualised people have repeated occurrences of highest practices, which are strengthened moments of deep joy and coordination.
Based on Maslow’s argument, merely a minor ratio of the people reaches the level of self-actualisation.